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Recombination-enhanced surface expansion of clusters in intense soft x-ray laser pulses (2016)

Recombination-enhanced surface expansion of clusters in intense soft x-ray laser pulses (2016)

We studied the nanoplasma formation and explosion dynamics of single large xenon clusters in ultrashort, intense x-ray free-electron laser pulses via ion spectroscopy. The simultaneous measurement of single-shot diffraction images enabled a single-cluster analysis that is free from any averaging over the cluster size and laser intensity distributions. The measured charge state-resolved ion energy spectra show narrow distributions with peak positions that scale linearly with final ion charge state.

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